View picture of bael fruit, golden apple, bengal quince aegle marmelos at daves garden. Antibacterial activity of aegle marmelos against leaf, bark and fruit extracts m. Rutaceae is widely used in indian ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Seeds have short viability and are prone to insect attack, purohit and vyas 2004. Medicinal plants are widely used for therapy of various diseases and. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the antiinflammatory activity of the aqueous root bark extract of aegle marmelos bilwa in experimental acute and chronic inflammatory animal models. Recent trends in medicinal uses and health benefits of indian traditional herbs aegle marmelos k. Correa is an accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus aegle family rutaceae. Article received on abstract 19 october 2017, aegle marmelos l. Average blood glucose lowering caused by aegle marmelos was 67% percent and the efficacy of aegle marmelos was 71% of glibenclamide.
The plants database includes the following 1 species of aegle. The various parts of this plant mainly leaves and fruits are widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various disorders. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Proximate composition, available carbohydrates, dietary. To evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity of aegle marmelos leaf extracts and. Not to be taken during pregnancy or if breastfeeding. Evaluation of the antiinflammatory activity of aegle. Aegle marmelos is a moderatesized, slender, aromatic tree, with straight, sharp spines in the branches it is a fruit used in diarrhea, dysentery and cholera due to its digestive and carminative properties.
Isolation, characterization and antibacterial activity of. The fruits are harvested and processed during summer. We have taken total alcoholic, total aqueous, whole aqueous and methanolic extracts isolated from the leaves of a. Control, bael aegle marmelos, chelidonium chelidonium majus and punarnava boerhaavia diffusa respectively, each group having three replications consisting of fifteen guinea fowls each, for a tenure of 12 weeks. Bael aegle marmelos is indigenous to india and has been in use since 5000 years. The different parts of this plant contain number of coumarins. Recent trends in medicinal uses and health benefits of. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title bael.
If using prescription medications, seek the advice of a health care professional before using this product. Aegle marmelos linn correa commonly known as bael or bel belonging to the family rutaceae, is a moderate sized, slender and aromatic tree. Medicinal values of bael aegle marmelos l docdeveloppement. Alkaloid, antibacterial agent, phytomedicine, a egle marmelos. Rutaceae, also known as bael tree, is an herbal traditional remedy in the south east asia. Serr is one of the important plant with several medicinal and nutraceutical properties. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis. Tremendous pharmacological values of aegle marmelos.
Coimbatore medical college, coimbatore, tamil nadu, india 3. The full text of this article is available as a pdf 340k. Genetic transformation of bael aegle marmelos corr. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. The leaves, bark, roots, fruits and seeds are used extensively in the indian traditional system of medicine, the ayurveda. In the present work, the leaf essential oil distilled from a population. Acute, subacute and ld 50 values were determined in experimental rats.
Aegle marmelos family rutaceae is highly reputed ayurvedic medicinal tree commonly known as the bael. Page 1 study of antimicrobial potential of aegle marmelos s. Oct 17, 2015 bael aegle marmelos is indigenous to india and has been in use since 5000 years. Biological activities of crude extracts and chemical. Request pdf bioactive compounds and volatile compounds of thai bael fruit aegle marmelos l. Review article phytopharmacological properties of aegle. Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant property of aegle. Abraham pm, kuruvilla kp, mathew j, malat a, joy s, paulose cs 2010a alterations in hippocampal serotonergic and insr function in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats exposed to stress. Aegle marmelos fruit extract abates dextran sodium sulfate induced. The fibrous yellow pulp is very aromatic described as being sweet, aromatic and pleasant, although tangy and slightly astringent in some varieties, smelling of roses and. A number of chemical constituents and various therapeutic effects of a. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of extraction solvents such as absolute ethanol, absolute methanol, aqueous ethanol ethanol.
The functional jams were prepared as t0 100% apple. In vitro seed germination and clonal propagation through. The bael aegle marmelos is an important indigenous fruit and has various nutritional and therapeutic properties. Aegle marmelos sustainable green initiative planting. Acute and subacute toxicity studies of aegle marmelos corr. The total alcoholic, total aqueous, whole aqueous and methanolic extracts isolated from the. Aegle marmelos ripe fruit definition the article consists of the dried fruit of aegle marmelos l. Aegle marmelos bael is a sacred tree from india, of rutaceae family, related to citrus. Aegle marmelos leaf, seed and fruit from earlier studies is known to. Aegle marmelos commonly known as bael or bel, belonging to the family rutaceae, is a moderate sized, slender and aromatic tree. Aegle marmelos ripe fruit herbal medicines compendium. Original article effect of homeopathic mother tinctures of. Sinha department of zoology, ranchi university, ranchi, jharkhand, india 834008 email.
Aegle marmelos in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Aqueous extract of root bark of bilwa was prepared and tested for antiinflammatory activity in albino rats weighing 150280 grams. A hardshelled bael fruit aegle marmelos, of the type valued more for medicinal purposes than for eating. Raman university, kota, bilaspur, chhattisgarh, india corresponding author abstract introduction plants secondary metabolites have been of interest to man for a long time due to their. In vitro analysis of aegle marmelos leaf extracts on skin pathogens garima mathur, nidhija roy, ashwani mathur department of biotechnology, jaypee institute of information technology, a10, sector62, noida207, uttar pradesh, india article info abstract article history. Evaluation of the antiinflammatory activity of aegle marmelos bilwa root jyoti m benni, mk jayanthi, rn suresha department of pharmacology, jagadguru sri shivarathreeshwara medical college jss university, mysore, india. Aegle marmelos correa is a sacred tree, dedicated to lord shiva. Flowers are greenish white, sweetly scented, fruits are yellowish green. The aqueous extract of aegle marmelos seeds was administered orally at different doses 100, 250 and 500 mgkg to normal as well as sub fasting blood glucose fbg normal. Keywords aegle marmelos, ethnomedical, ethnobotany, biochemical.
Bioactive compounds and volatile compounds of thai bael fruit. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Antibacterial activity of aegle marmelos against leaf, bark. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. Stone apple, mu ju herbal medicine an illustrated compilation of philippine medicinal plants by dr godofredo umali stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal research studies.
Five airdrying temperatures 60, 65, 70, 75 and 80c and five thickness. It is present in sri lanka, thailand, and malesia as a naturalized species. It helps in the healing of ulcerated intestinal surfaces. Bael fruit is recognized for its wide range of medicinal and nutritive properties. Therapeutic efficacy of cinnamomum tamala and aegle. In vitro analysis of aegle marmelos leaf extracts on skin. Biological activities of crude extracts and chemical constituents of bael, aegle marmelos l. Description the bael fruit tree is slowgrowing, of medium size, up to 40 or 50 ft 1215 m tall with short trunk, thick, soft, flaking bark, and spreading, sometimes spiny branches, the lower ones drooping. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Antibacterial activity of aegle marmelos against leaf. The offering of bael leaves is a compulsory ritual of the. One hundred aegle marmelos bel bael, wood apple trees will be planted on the yamuna banks of delhi ncr near shastri park, okhla and sarita vihar starting from world environment day. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to.
Both ripe and unripe fruit are regarded as an astringent. It is medium sized tree growing throughout the forest of india of altitude 1200 meter. Aegle marmelos is a widely distributed plant and found in india, ceylon, china, nepal, sri lanka, myanmar, pakistan, bangladesh, nepal, vietnam, laos. The bael fruit tree is slowgrowing, of medium size, up to 40 or 50 ft 1215 m tall with short trunk, thick, soft, flaking bark, and spreading, sometimes spiny branches, the lower ones drooping. Its flowers are sweetscented and bloom during the spring. Thin layer hot air drying of bael aegle marmelos fruit pulp abstract the bael aegle marmelos is an important indigenous fruit and has various nutritional and therapeutic properties. The two drugs are made from this plant namely aegle folia from leaves and aegle marmelos from the pulp of the fruits. Click on a title to look inside that book if available. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Bael aegle marmelos extraordinary species of india. Bael fruits are large with a hard woody shell that must be cracked with a hammer.
In vitro acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and the antioxidant. Pdf bael aegle marmelos extraordinary species of india. Baal disambiguation bail disambiguation this disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title bael. Sharma ak, bharti s, goyal s, arora s, nepal s, kishore k, joshi s, kumari s, arya ds 2011 upregulation of ppar. Abstract the effective use of radiotherapy in cancer cure and palliation is compromised by the sideeffects resulting from radiosensitivity of. The tree is used in several cooking preparations in india. Aegle marmelos international research journal of pharmacy. Biological activities and volatile constituents of aegle. Aegle marmelos family rutaceae is an out breeder and is routinely propagated by seeds for cultivation, singh et. An efficient and rapid in vitro clonal propagation of medicinally important aegle marmelos l. It is found all over india, from subhimalayan forest, bengal, central and south india.
Utilization of bael fruit in daytoday life has a great. Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant property of aegle marmelos extracts anjay kumar gupta, sumeet verma and nitin doshi dr. Antifertility activity of methanolic bark extract of aegle marmelos l. Characterization and functional product development from bael. The tree can thrive under adverse agroclimatic conditions but its commercial cultivation is very limited. Phytochemical evaluation of leaf extracts of aegle marmelos. Paldat is the worlds largest database for palynological data. The dead animals were obtained from primary screening studies, ld 50.
Aegle marmelos or bael is a middle sized slender aromatic armed tree native to india and pakistan. The leaves, stem, bark and fruits of this plant have long been used in traditional medicine for its medicinal value. It is present in sri lanka, tamilnadu, thailand, and malesia as a naturalized species. Antibacterial activity of aegle marmelos against leaf, bark and fruit extracts. Give me trees trust, peepal baba and sustainable green initiative are working together to plant 100,000 trees in delhi ncr in 2014.
Correa is an attractive and characteristically sweet aroma fruit, native to. Bael aegle marmelos linn, family rutacae, is also known as bale fruit tree, is a moderate sized, slender, aromatic tree, 6. Abstract the present study adds value to bael fruit pulp by using it in jam production. This study was designed to elucidate the toxicity of the widely used plant aegle marmelos in rats. Chakraborty manodeep et al ijrap 32, mar apr 2012 160 fruit and seeds fruits, yellowish green, with small dots on the outer surface, oblong to globose, 5. Am belongs to the family rutaceae and is known as vilvam in tamil, bael in hindi, bilwa or sripal in sanskrit and bael tree in english nadkarni, 1986.
Department of agriculture agricultural research service. The respective homeopathic mother tinctures as per the groups were added at 0. It grows well in the dry forests on hilly and plain areas. The values have been calculated for 100 g of bael aegle marmelos l. Introduction aegle marmelos bael is a sacred tree from india, of rutaceae family, related to citrus. It is an indian medicinal plant with the presence of various bioactive compounds that protects and fights against various diseases. Indiscriminate collection resulted in disappearance of this plant and species is reported to be vulnerable in western ghats of kerala. Fruit, leaf, bark and decoction of the bark have been used in traditional medicinal system for. Aegle marmelos the present article is to show the significance of the aegle marmelos or the wood apple tree bilva mainly from the ritualistic, mythical and medicinal point of view of the veda, all plants and trees are sacred. Correa figure 1 is one of the medicinal plants used in asian countries to treat diabetes mellitus. Saravanan department of zoology and life sciences, avinashilingam university for women, coimbatore 641 043, tamil nadu, india. Angela malheivos et al54, reported that drimys brasiliensis could be of use for.
The full text of this article is available in pdf format. It belongs to the family rutaceae, in which polyembryony is a common phenomenon melchior 1964. Phytochemical evaluation of leaf extracts of aegle marmelos abstract. Hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic activity of aegle.
Therapeutic efficacy of cinnamomum tamala and aegle marmelos. Aegle marmelos, bael, bael fruit, bengal quince, golden apple, japanese bitter orange, stone apple, wood apple, bili, bhel, bel fruit. They take 11 months to ripen on the tree and grow to the size of a grapefruit or pummelo. Rutaceae, commonly known as bael, bengal quince is a tree of indian origin, well known from pre historic time. The use of traditional medicines holds a great promise as an easily available source as effective medicinal agents to cure a wide range of ailments among the people particularly in tropical developing countries like india.523 110 591 123 494 1294 135 1224 401 1522 538 658 665 87 1391 236 1122 1323 1384 212 1077 1063 357 376 518 1512 1477 945 391 356 239 474 1123 1278 1473 746 1464 788 1207 177 748 819 776 94